In Writing Task 1 (Academic) you’ll be presented with some information. It can take a variety of different forms.
You might be given some data:
- bar chart/graph
- pie chart
- line graph
Alternatively, you might be given images:
- diagram – flowchart, process
The aim of Academic Writing Task 1 is to write a report, taking the information given, and summarising what is most important.
Some key points:
– The question will almost always ask you to:
“Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.”
Sometimes you will be given too much information – in that case focus on what is most important.
– This is an academic report. The language should be formal.
– You must write at least 150 words – under-length answers will lose marks.
– You should spend 20 minutes of the exam writing your report. (Task 2 is worth more and you might want to attempt Task 2 first – just a suggestion!)
You can structure all Task 1 answers as 4 clear paragraphs:
- An introduction – what does the graph/table/diagram etc. show? You can paraphrase what you’re given on the question sheet.
- An overview – what are the most important features or trends? What are the main changes?
- A body – describe the most important pieces of data in more detail, and use any figures in your report. Divide this into 2 paragraphs to make it clear for the reader to follow – one long paragraph isn’t as clear.
|3. Body 1|
|4. Body 2|
Leave a line between paragraphs to make it even clearer.
What not to include:
- No opinion
- No conclusion
You should not give your opinion in a Task 1 answer. Just write about the information you’re given – identify the most important features, describe them and compare them.
You should not write a conclusion in a Task 1 response – an overview works just fine. (Your Task 2 essay will need a conclusion, however!)